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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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Crohn’s Disease and ulcerative colitis are often grouped together as inflammatory bowel disease.

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s Disease is a chronic inflammatory condition primarily involving the intestinal tract. It most commonly affects the end of the small intestine and/or the large intestine. Because it is a chronic condition, Crohn’s may recur over a lifetime.

Although symptoms may vary greatly from patient to patient, more common ones include:

  • cramping
  • abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • fever
  • weight loss
  • bloating

People in any age group can be affected by Crohn’s Disease, but the majority of patients are between 16 and 40. It occurs equally in men and women and appears to run in families. Initial treatment for Crohn’s usually is the use of medication. Surgery may be recommended for more advanced or complicated cases. The most common procedure for these cases involves removal of the diseased portion of the bowel.

Our surgeons have expertise in the management of Complex Crohn’s Disease including the use of strictureplasty to deal with narrowing in the bowel. Our surgeons also use leading-edge technologies in the management of colorectal Crohn’s Disease.

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammation of the lining of the large bowel, or colon.

Symptoms include:

  • rectal bleeding
  • diarrhea
  • abdominal cramps
  • weight loss
  • fever

Patients who have had severe ulcerative colitis for many years are at an increased risk to develop colon cancer.

Like Crohn’s Disease, the initial treatment for ulcerative colitis is the use of medication. Surgery may be necessary for patients who have the chronic form of the disease – not just occasional “flare ups” – and for those in whom medication is not effective. There are various types of surgical treatments that involve the removal of the colon and/or rectum, and a colorectal surgeon will determine which is most appropriate for each patient.

Our surgeons have expertise in the management of pouch related issues as well as reoperative pouch surgery.


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