Your pelvic floor is the group of muscles and tendons that support the organs in your pelvis, including your bladder, your rectum, and your reproductive organs. During gynecologic cancer treatment, your pelvic floor can be weakened as a result of surgery and radiation therapy. This can lead to pelvic floor disorders such as:
- Bowel incontinence
- Pelvic pain
- Sexual dysfunction
- Urinary incontinence
To help overcome these issues, you can participate in specialized physical therapy called pelvic rehabilitation. A trained physical therapist will help you strengthen your pelvic floor, which may improve your treatment side effects.
Pelvic rehabilitation may include:
- Biofeedback therapy to measure the strength of your pelvic floor muscles
- Education on your pelvic anatomy
- Electrical stimulation to help you control muscle contractions
- Exercises to stretch and strengthen your pelvic floor
- Massage therapy to stretch muscles and improve blood flow
By completing your exercises both at home and at your appointments, you can improve your pelvic floor health and quality of life.