It wasn't long ago that tumors in the lower third of the rectum often required removal of the anal sphincter muscle and a colostomy, a drainage site routed to the abdomen where a bag collected solid waste. Today, there are many different treatment options. Your specific options will be matched to your individual case, including any pertinent clinical trials.
The different types of anal cancer are based on the type of anal cells in which the cancer develops. Types of anal and rectal cancers include:
- Squamous cell carcinoma: the most common kind of anal cancer, which starts to form in the anal canal's outer lining
- Cloacogenic carcinoma: makes up about 25 percent of all cases of anal cancers, which develops between the outer part of the anus and the lower part of the rectum
- Adenocarcinoma: occurs in the mucus-producing glands situated under the anal lining
- Basal cell carcinoma: a kind of skin cancer that can appear on the skin around the anus
- Melanoma: starts in the pigment-producing cells that are found in the skin or anal lining
Why Choose Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center?
Colorectal cancer survival rates above the national average. Sylvester’s survival rates are up to 19 percent higher than the national average for both early- and late-stage colorectal cancer. We can help you achieve a longer, higher quality of life.
Advanced radiation oncology tools. Sylvester is one of only five medical centers in the country with ViewRay — MRI-guided radiation therapy. And, our RapidArc® radiotherapy system delivers intensity modulated external radiation therapy (IMRT). This leads to more efficient and effective treatments, shorter treatment times, pinpoint accuracy in tumor targeting, and less damage to surrounding healthy tissue.
More cancer clinical trials than any other South Florida hospital. We offer you ease of access and the newest ways to treat and potentially cure your cancer.
Treatment that preserves normal bowel function. Sylvester surgeons can now safely remove many cancers not directly involving the sphincter muscle or pelvic floor, so only a limited number of patients require colostomies.