Testicular cancer occurs inside the testicles, located in the scrotum under the penis. Testicles produce sperm and male sex hormones. While a relatively rare type of cancer, testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer in men 20 to 35 years old. About 8,700 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when it has spread beyond the testicles.
Types of Testicular Cancer
Seminomas in general are more sensitive to radiation therapy, and are classified as: classic, anaplastic or spermatocytic.
- Classic Seminoma accounts for about 85 percent of all seminoma cases and occurs mainly in men ages 30-50.
- Anaplastic Seminoma accounts for about five percent of all cases of seminoma and is more aggressive than the other seminoma types. It occurs at ages close to those seen in classic seminoma.
- Spermatocytic Seminomas, only about two to eight percent of all seminoma cases, appear to be less aggressive, with nearly half of cases occurring in men over 50.
There are four types of nonseminomas: choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac carcinoma, and teratoma. Most contain at least two or more of these different cell types and are considered mixed. Often, these are diagnosed in men 45 to 60 years old, and grow and spread more quickly.
Stromal tumors, which account for under 4 percent of adult testicular cancers, are categorized by two types: Leydig cell tumors and Sertoli cell tumors. These tumors are usually cured by surgery but are resistant to chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Secondary Testicular Tumors
Tumors can start in other spots of the body, most commonly from lymphoma, and then spread to the testicles.
Why Choose Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center?
Advanced radiation oncology tools. Sylvester is one of only five medical centers in the country with ViewRay™ — MRI-guided radiation therapy. Our RapidArc® radiotherapy system delivers intensity modulated external radiation therapy (IMRT). These tools lead to more efficient and effective treatments, shorter treatment times, pinpoint accuracy in tumor targeting, and less damage to surrounding healthy tissue.
More cancer clinical trials than any other South Florida hospital. If appropriate for your cancer and stage, our clinical trials provide you with easy access to the very newest ways to treat and potentially cure your cancer.
The only designated Cancer Center of Excellence in South Florida. We treat cancer, and only cancer, giving you the best potential outcomes. The likelihood of surviving cancer after five years at a Dedicated Cancer Center is 17 percent higher than at other hospitals.
Multidisciplinary care teams with nationally recognized expertise. Your care team is made up of experts in all aspects of your exact type of cancer. All of your physicians, nurses, and more collaborate to save lives.
Imaging expertise using the most advanced technology available. Our providers’ expertise allows them to distinguish between normal and abnormal findings and work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan for the right diagnosis.
Access to simultaneous reconstruction techniques. Testicular implants can be inserted during the same surgery as a testicle removal.
Some of the nation’s most experienced surgeons. Thanks to our expertise in nerve-sparing procedure, you can enjoy a higher quality of life and less post-operative pain.