Ovarian cancer is the ninth most common form of cancer among women. An estimated 21,000 new cases of ovarian cancer occur yearly in the U.S. Ovarian cancer originates in the cells of the ovary. There are several types of ovarian tumors, named for the tissue in which they are found:
Epithelial tumors originate from the cells from the outer surface of the ovary and make up most of the ovarian tumors.
- Benign epithelial ovarian tumors: These are not cancer and don't spread.
- Tumors of low malignant potential: These tumors don't grow into the supporting structure of the ovary. If the tumors spread, it happens slowly.
- Malignant epithelial ovarian tumors: These make up approximately 85-95 percent of ovarian cancers. Epithelial ovarian carcinomas are classified as one of four subtypes, and by grade and stage.
- Extra-ovary primary peritoneal carcinomas (EOPPC): These tumors can look much like epithelial tumors and are treated like them, but they start outside the ovary and may even occur in women who have had their ovaries removed.
Germ Cell tumors: Fewer than 2 percent of ovarian cancers are germ cell tumors, formed in the egg-producing part of the ovary. Germ cell tumors may be a mix of more than a single subtype.
Ovarian Stromal tumors start from structural tissue cells that hold the ovary together. They produce the estrogen and progesterone hormones. Only 1 percent of cancers of the ovary are ovarian stromal cell tumors.
Carcinosarcomas: These are rare ovarian tumors consisting of a mixture of epithelial and other cells. These account for only about 1 percent of all ovarian cancers.
As an academic center, Sylvester has board-certified genetics professionals working closely with oncology specialists to identify and manage patients and their families with hereditary cancer syndromes.
Why Choose Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center?
More experienced physicians to care for you. Sylvester treats more than 5,000 patients with cancer each year. Your dedicated team of physicians at Sylvester have a huge depth and breadth of experience treating your unique cancer.
Multidisciplinary care teams provide nationally recognized expertise. Your physician experts talk to each other, face-to-face, on a regular basis and plan the right care for you and your specific cancer. And you can expect that caliber of care in years to come. Sylvester also has the only gynecologic oncology fellowship in South Florida training the next generation of doctors.
Fertility preservation experts. You don’t have to choose between future fertility and cancer treatment. Specialists at the University of Miami Fertility Center in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology offer fertility counseling for male and female cancer patients to help you explore your options and make decisions regarding fertility preservation before you undergo treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.