Lung, breast, and prostate cancers are the most common primary cancers that spread to the spine.
Lung cancer is the most common cancer to metastasize to the bone in men, and breast cancer is the most common in women. Other cancers that spread to the spine include multiple myeloma, lymphoma, melanoma, and sarcoma, as well as cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, and thyroid. Prompt diagnosis and identification of the primary malignancy are crucial to overall treatment. Many factors can affect the outcome, including the nature of primary cancer, the number of lesions, the presence of distant non-skeletal metastases and the presence and/or severity of spinal cord compression.
Tumors that involve the spine may cause intolerable pain by a number of different mechanisms. As the tumor grows within the vertebral body the pressure upon the endosteum increases and an inflammatory reaction of the periosteum ensues. At the tumor-bone interface, there is a release of chemical mediators that can cause pain and inflammation. As the tumor extends beyond the confines of the vertebral body, it can impinge upon exiting nerve roots causing radicular pain. While the tumor continues to grow and the vertebral body weakens, axial loading of the spine can result in pathologic compression fractures, resulting in pain.
How can Interventional Radiology Help?
Interventional Radiology (IR) is a unique medical specialty that provides non-surgical procedures guided by imaging (X-ray, CT-Scan, MRI, etc). In the case of metastatic osseous lesions to the spine, we can help with minimally invasive procedure allowing the physician, through small needle access to obtain a biopsy sample, destroy the tumor with ablation and treat the underlying pathologic compression fractures of the spine with vertebral augmentation techniques. The patient is usually discharged the same day. No surgical incision or stitches are needed.
Why Choose Us?
Pioneers of Spinal Tumor Radiofrequency Ablation Our specially trained physicians are among a few in the nation to pioneer this procedure using the STAR™ Tumor Ablation System and the OsteoCool™ RF Ablation system. Hundreds of patients have been treated successfully over the past 5 years at our institution even after exhausting or failing traditional therapies..
Expert care from highly trained interventional radiologists. Our interventional radiologists and radiology specialists are experts in a variety of minimally invasive procedures — everything from treatments to clear blocked blood vessels to advanced cancer therapies like NanoKnife®.
Leading-edge imaging care in South Florida. Our doctors are also researchers discovering new ways to improve diagnosis and treatment. That means you can get some of today’s most promising advancements through clinical trials. You benefit from the latest developments that are fast-tracked from the lab to the bedside.