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Treatments

  • Motion sickness medication 

    This can help reduce the spinning sensation and help lessen nausea or vomiting.

  • Anti-nausea medication 

    This can help reduce feelings of nausea and vomiting during an episode of vertigo.

  • Rehabilitation

    Vestibular rehabilitation therapy may be able to help improve your balance

  • Hearing aid

    If you have experienced hearing loss, a hearing aid can improve your ability to hear.

  • Meniett device 

    For cases of vertigo that are difficult to treat, your ENT specialist may recommend a Meniett device, an at-home treatment. This treatment involves applying pressure to the middle ear to improve fluid exchange. A device called a Meniett pulse generator applies pulses of pressure to your ear canal through a ventilation tube.

  • Vestibular nerve section 

    This surgical procedure involves cutting the balance nerve. This is done when other attempts to control recurrent vertigo attacks have failed. This procedure prevents the abnormal balance signals – caused by Meniere’s disease – from reaching the brain and causing symptoms.

  • Labyrinthectomy

    This surgical procedure involves removing the balance organs of the inner ear in an attempt to cease all abnormal balance signals from reaching the brain and causing symptoms. As this procedure destroys hearing as well, it is only performed when there is no useful hearing in the ear. 

  • Transtympanic injections of steroids and gentamicin 

    These techniques are used to deliver medicines directly to the inner ear without exposing the entire body to the same medications. This is done in an office setting by making a small incision in the eardrum and injecting the medicine into the middle ear, where it then is absorbed into the inner ear across thin dividing membranes. Steroids are generally used to decrease inflammation, while the gentamicin is used to reduce or eliminate the signals emanating from the balance organs of the inner ear (similar to labyrinthectomy described above) while attempting to preserve hearing.


Tests

  • Hearing test  

    Your ENT specialist will likely recommend a hearing test (audiometry), in which a variety of tones and sounds are played into each of your ears, one at a time, to check for hearing loss.

  • Balance test 

    Tests that check the function of the inner ear allow your ENT specialist to determine the extent of your trouble keeping your balance.

  • Scans 

    Certain imaging scans — such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) — may be used to help your ENT doctor rule out other conditions that can cause balance problems and pinpoint your diagnosis.