Hand pain affects the fingers, thumbs, and middle hand. Pain can be caused by pressure, injury, or disease in the bones, joints, ligaments (connect the bones together), muscles, or tendons (connect the muscle to the bones). In addition to pain, symptoms of hand injury include stiffness, numbness, tingling, swelling, weakness, or locked or frozen fingers.
Common causes of hand pain and injury involve overuse or repetitive motions during sports, physical activity, or physical work tasks. Injury or problems in the wrists, arms, elbows, and shoulders can also cause hand pain.
Some conditions that cause hand pain include:
- Bursitis: painful inflammation in the thumb
- Cartilage injuries: damage to the tissue that covers the surface of the bone
- Cysts and tumors: sacs filled with air, fluid, or other substances (most are noncancerous, but they can be cancerous)
- Fractures: can occur in the fingers or hand
- Infections: can occur in the bones or joints
- Nerve compression, damage, or hand impingement: compression of the bony or soft tissue structures of the hand during certain activities, such as moving the fingers
- Osteoarthritis: degenerative wear and tear of the joint
- Rheumatoid arthritis: a chronic (ongoing) inflammatory joint disorder
- Sprains: due to torn ligaments
- Tendonitis: inflammation due to strained or ruptured tendons
- Trigger finger (stenosing tenosynovitis): inflammation of the lining of the tendon sheath (cover)
- Tumors: abnormal tissue growth or swelling (can be cancerous or noncancerous)
Why Choose UHealth?
Highly experienced in treating a full range of orthopaedic conditions. Our team of fellowship-trained orthopaedic specialists works together with a multidisciplinary group of physicians and scientists to provide high-quality care to people with benign (noncancerous) and malignant (cancerous) conditions. These include musculoskeletal diseases, bone and soft tissue sarcomas, metastatic diseases, benign neoplasms of bone and soft tissue, and all types of orthopedic injuries.