A fistula is an unusual opening that forms between two hollow spaces in the body. A bladder fistula occurs when an opening forms between the bladder and another organ or the skin. The most common types of bladder fistulas occur between the bladder and the bowel, or between the bladder and the vagina.
There are a wide range of factors or conditions that can cause a bladder fistula, including:
- Bladder has been blocked for a period of time and becomes damaged
- Bowel cancer
- Gynecologic cancer
- Having undergone radiation therapy
- Inflammatory diseases, such as Crohn’s disease or diverticulitis
- Prior surgery on the bowel or bladder
Signs and symptoms of a bladder fistula may include:
- Gas coming out of your urethra (tube that drains urine from the bladder to outside the body) as you urinate
- Persistent, recurrent (chronic) urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Urine that looks like stool
- Urine that smells like stool
The urologic experts at the University of Miami Health System are here to help you get relief from the symptoms of bladder fistula.
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