Bascom Palmer's Balkan Center offers the following treatment options for pediatric glaucoma:
Surgery - Most children, especially babies with primary congenital glaucoma, have better vision results from surgery than medication. Options may include goniotomy, trabeculotomy, or a glaucoma drainage device. Some children need surgery more than once to control the eye pressure. In infants younger than 2 months of age or who were premature, sometimes an overnight stay is required after surgery. Otherwise, most children go home the same day after glaucoma surgery.
Approximately 80-90% of babies who receive prompt surgical treatment will do well, and may have normal or nearly normal vision for their lifetime. Most babies who have glaucoma and do not obtain appropriate care quickly will lose their vision. Early detection and treatment can mean the difference between sight and blindness.
Eye Drops and Oral Medications - When glaucoma develops during childhood, in addition to surgery, your child’s physician may prescribe eye drops or oral medications to control intraocular pressure (IOP).
Glasses and Patching Therapy - Many children with pediatric glaucoma develop myopia (nearsightedness) and amblyopia (lazy eye), and will need glasses and patching therapy.