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Calcium and Bone Mineral Problems


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Bones are growing, living tissue that your body is continually building and breaking down. They’re made of protein (collagen) and minerals (calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate), which makes them both strong and flexible. Your bones also store minerals you need, especially calcium — nearly all your body's calcium is stored in your bones and teeth.

When your body breaks down more bone tissue than it builds, it’s called bone loss. This can lead to low bone density (osteopenia) and may progress to osteoporosis, which causes weakened, brittle bones that are more likely to break.

Low bone density can run in families, and it can also be caused by:

  • Aging: your body doesn't store as much calcium and phosphate in your bones
  • Diet: if you don't get enough high-calcium foods or your body doesn't absorb or retain enough calcium
  • Lifestyle habits: such as smoking, too much alcohol, and lack of weight-bearing exercise
  • Low body weight: linked to weaker bones and lower bone mass
  • Medical conditions: such as rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, or an overactive parathyroid gland
  • Medicines: including some hormone therapies for cancer treatment, seizure medicines, or long-term steroid treatments
  • Nutritional deficiencies: such as lack of calcium or vitamin D, or conditions or treatments that prevent your body from absorbing calcium or vitamin D properly

University of Miami Healthy System bone density and osteoporosis specialists provide comprehensive care to minimize bone loss and prevent broken bones. You get personalized attention and a customized care plan based on your lifestyle. We combine lifestyle changes, diet, and the latest treatments to keep your bones healthy and strong.

Why Choose UHealth?

Customized treatment plans for bone loss. Bone loss occurs for many reasons, so there’s no one-size-fits-all approach to protect your bones. Our expert team learns about your lifestyle and what’s important to you to design a treatment plan that gives you the best possible results.

A comprehensive, team approach. Our doctors work closely with orthopaedic experts, imaging technologists, dietitians, physical therapists, and other specialists to provide complete care. Your care team works together to evaluate your bone health and develop a comprehensive treatment plan that minimizes bone loss.

The latest, research-backed treatments. As an academic medical center, we leverage the latest research completed by the nationally recognized University of Miami Miller School of Medicine to offer the latest treatments — including promising new treatments through clinical trials. You benefit from medical advancements before they’re widely available, provided by leading endocrinology experts who are known worldwide for their expertise. Our researchers are discovering better ways to diagnose and treat bone loss and osteoporosis.

Questions? We're here to help.

Our appointment specialists are ready to help you find what you need. Contact us today.


  • Medicines

    Doctors use a variety of medicines to prevent and treat bone loss, including bisphosphonates and hormone replacement therapy. These medicines help restore a healthy hormone balance.

  • Dietary Changes

    Your body needs calcium for strong bones, as well as vitamin D, which helps your body absorb calcium. Dairy and soy foods, green leafy vegetables, and cold-water fish like salmon and sardines are good sources of calcium. You can get vitamin D from fortified dairy products, egg yolks, and saltwater fish, as well as sunlight. Your doctor may also recommend calcium and vitamin D dietary supplements.

  • Weight-Bearing Exercise

    Weight-bearing exercise that involves walking, dancing, hiking, or running works best to prevent bone loss. Resistance exercise, such as lifting weights, can also help improve bone health. Our physical therapists can help you improve muscle strength, balance, and flexibility to prevent falls and protect bone health.


  • Bone Density Scan (Bone Densitometry)

    Also called dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), this painless, noninvasive test uses a very small amount of radiation to create pictures of your bones, typically in your wrist, lower spine, and hips. This test allows your doctor to determine your risk for broken bones, as well as diagnose osteopenia and osteoporosis.

Accepted Insurances

Note: Health plans that are currently contracted with UHealth are listed below. However, please check with your insurance provider to verify that UHealth is part of your provider network.

  • Aetna WC
  • Aetna Affiliates/Signature Adm (ASA)
  • Aetna Behavioral Health
  • Aetna Elect Choice (EPO)
  • Aetna Florida Healthy Kids
  • Aetna HMO
  • Aetna Medicaid HMO
  • Aetna Medicare HMO
  • Aetna Medicare PPO
  • Aetna POS
  • Aetna PPO
  • Aetna UM Employee HMO 1
  • Aetna UM Employee HMO 2
  • Aetna UM Employee POS HRA
  • Aetna/Coventry Institutes of Excellence (IOE)
  • Amerigroup Florida Healthy Kids
  • Amerigroup Medicaid HMO
  • Argus Vision
  • AvMed Choice
  • AvMed HMO/POS
  • AvMed MDC and JHS Groups
  • AvMed Medicare HMO
  • AXIS
  • BCBS Blue Options Network Blue PPO
  • BCBS BlueCare HealthOptions HMO
  • BCBS BlueChoice PPC/PPO
  • BCBS Miami Dade Blue PPO Limited Benefits Plan
  • BCBS of Florida (All products except "SELECT" Plans)
  • BCBS of Florida (Commercial plans exclude HIX Select)
  • BCBS Traditional PHS/PPO
  • Beacon Health (ValueOption)
  • Beech Street PPO
  • Broward Health Medical Center
  • CarePlus Medicare HMO
  • Catholic Hospice
  • CCP/CMS Title XIX (Medicaid Enrolled in South Florida)
  • CCP/CMS Title XXI (Non Medicaid Enrolled in South Florida)
  • CCP/MMA (Broward County residents)
  • Charlotte County Sheriffs Office PPO
  • Cigna Affiliates
  • Cigna Behavioral Health
  • Cigna Dental HMO/PPO
  • Cigna EPO
  • Cigna HMO
  • Cigna Life Source (Intracorp is part of Cigna Lifesource)
  • Cigna MDCPS Jackson Sr. High
  • Cigna POS
  • Cigna PPO
  • Cigna Shared Administration
  • Clear Health Alliance SNP Medicaid HMO
  • Concordia Behavioral Health
  • CorVel WC
  • Coventry First Health WC
  • Coventry Health Care of Florida (HIP) HMO/POS
  • Coventry Health Care of Florida (HIP) PPO
  • Coventry Health Plan of Florida (Foundation) HMO
  • Coventry Health Plan of Florida (Foundation) POS
  • Coventry National PPO
  • Coventry Summit Medicare HMO
  • Coventry Vista Medicare HMO
  • Coventry First Health PPO
  • Delta Dental PPO
  • DentaQuest (ADI)
  • Dimension WC
  • Dimension Plus PPO
  • Doctor's Healthcare Plan
  • EQUIAN (Health Systems International)
  • Europe Assistance/Global Corporate Solutions (Care Management Network)
  • eyeQuest
  • Florida Community Care (FCC)
  • Florida Healthcare Plan (Affiliate of BCBSFL)
  • Florida PACE (FPC)
  • Freedom Health Medicaid HMO
  • Freedom Health Medicare HMO
  • Gallagher Bassett WC (MDCPS & FCSRMC)
  • Global Excel Mgt PPO
  • Great West (Cigna) HMO/POS
  • Guardian Life PPO
  • HAA Preferred Partners
  • Health First Health HMO/POS
  • Health First Health Medicare HMO
  • Health First Health PPO
  • Health Net Veterans Choice HMO
  • Heritage Summit Healthcare WC
  • Humana Behavioral Health (LifeSynch)
  • Humana Dental/CompBenefits/OHS
  • Humana EPO
  • Humana HMO
  • Humana Medicaid HMO
  • Humana Medicare HMO
  • Humana National Transplant
  • Humana PPO
  • Humana Premier
  • iCare Health Solutions
  • Interlink Health Services
  • International Kids Fund (IKF)
  • League Medical Concepts Federal Inmates
  • Life Trac
  • Magellan Behavioral Health
  • Magellan Complete Care SNP Medicaid HMO
  • MDAbroad
  • Medica Medicare HMO
  • Medical Development In't (MDI)-Federal Inmates
  • Medicus
  • Metlife Dental PPO
  • MHNet Behavioral Network (MHNet)
  • Molina
  • Molina Market Place
  • Molina Medicaid HMO
  • Molina Medicare HMO
  • Morgan White International
  • MultiPlan PPO
  • Naphcare (Federal Prisoners)
  • National Healthcare Solutions Inc.
  • Neighborhood HealthPlan HMO/POS
  • Neighborhood HealthPlan PPO
  • North Broward Hospital District PPO
  • Olympus Managed Healthcare
  • Optum
  • Positive Healthcare SNP Medicaid HMO
  • Positive Healthcare SNP Medicare HMO
  • Prestige Health Choice Medicaid HMO
  • Prime Health Services WC
  • Quality Health Management
  • Religious Order of Jehovah's Witnesses PPO
  • Rockport Healthcare Group WC
  • Royal Caribbean Cruises PPO
  • Sanus Health Corporation
  • Seasons Hospice
  • Simply Healthcare Medicaid HMO
  • Solstice Dental HMO/PPO
  • Start Healthcare Network
  • Sunshine
  • Sunshine AMBETTER
  • Sunshine Healthy Kids HMO
  • Sunshine Medicaid HMO
  • Sunshine Medicare HMO
  • Tricare South Prime HMO
  • Tricare South Standard PPO
  • United Behavioral Health (UBH)
  • UnitedHealthcare Affiliates
  • UnitedHealthcare Healthy Kids HMO
  • UnitedHealthcare HMO/POS
  • UnitedHealthcare Medicaid HMO
  • UnitedHealthcare Medicare Nursing Home Plan
  • UnitedHealthcare PPO
  • University of Miami Athletic Dept PPO
  • VUMI
  • Wellcare/Staywell Healthy Kids HMO
  • Wellcare/Staywell Medicaid HMO
  • Wexford Health State Inmates
  • Worldwide Managed Care