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Abnormal Bleeding and Menstrual Disorders


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Abnormal uterine bleeding occurs outside of a woman's normal period and menstrual cycle. It may include:

  • Bleeding after menopause 
  • Bleeding after sex
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Heavy bleeding during your period (changing tampons every hour or two)
  • Irregular cycles that vary by more than seven to nine days (such as having a 28-day cycle and then a 38-day cycle)
  • Menstrual cycles longer than 35 days or shorter than 21 days

If you have any of these symptoms, you may have a menstrual disorder that requires care from a gynecologist. The experts at University of Miami Health can help with advanced, compassionate care.


Hormone Medicines
Some hormones, such as birth control pills, can control causes of abnormal bleeding or make periods lighter.

Your gynecologist may prescribe medicines that can treat heavy bleeding, bleeding disorders, or infections that cause abnormal uterine bleeding.

Endometrial Ablation
During endometrial ablation, your gynecologist uses specialized tools to heat and destroy your uterine lining, which typically stops you from having a period.

If you do not want to carry children in the future and you have significant abnormal bleeding, the gynecologist can remove your uterus during a minimally invasive robotic hysterectomy.


Physical Exam
Your gynecologist will look for causes of abnormal bleeding during a gynecologic exam. They may also ask about your menstrual cycle, including cycle length, length of period, and type of bleeding.

Blood Tests
Your gynecologist may also use blood tests to check your hormone levels or look for bleeding disorders.

Pap Smear
You may have a Pap smear to check for cervical cancer or sexually transmitted infections.

An ultrasound can reveal certain causes of abnormal bleeding, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, uterine fibroids, or endometriosis. The tests use sound waves to create an image of your organs

For this test, your gynecologist will insert a thin camera through your vagina and cervix and into your uterus to examine for causes of abnormal bleeding.

Why Choose UHealth?

Care designed with women in mind. Our obstetrics and gynecology experts provide research-backed care that is tailored specifically for each woman. We help make care more convenient — offering advanced in-office procedures, the latest diagnostic tests for fast results, and access to comprehensive women’s health services for women of all ages — all in one location. Our highly-trained physicians and staff are sensitive to the needs of every woman, so you can feel comfortable and confident in your care and treatment.

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