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Treatments

  • At home management

    Here’s what you can do to reduce pain and swelling when you have a gout attack:

    • Apply ice to the joint and keep it elevated
    • Drink plenty of water
    • Make an appointment with your doctor
    • Take an over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen sodium (Aleve)
  • Medicines to manage a gout attack

    NSAIDs, corticosteroids (such as prednisone), and cochicine are used to relieve pain and swelling. These are most effective when you take them at the first signs of a gout attack.

  • Medicines that control uric acid levels

    Medicines that lower uric acid levels are used to prevent future gout attacks from occurring. Xanithine oxidase inhibitors that include allopurinol or febuxostat reduce the amount of uric acid your body makes. Probenecid and lesinurad help your kidneys remove uric acid from your body more effectively.