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  • Speech-language therapy 

    Your ENT team may recommend that you work with a speech-language therapist, who can help you learn techniques, positions, or strategies that make eating and drinking easier and more effective. 

  • Botulinum toxin (Botox®) 

    For more extreme cases, we also offer Botox for the treatment of dysphagia due to a specific type of muscle spasm that affects the upper sphincter (controls food entry into the esophagus). We usually coordinate this treatment with other specialized studies to better assess the nature of the spasm and weigh the potential benefits of treatment with Botox.


  • X-ray with contrast material 

    In this test, you’ll drink a barium solution that coats your esophagus, which makes it show up better in an X-ray. Your ENT specialist can then see changes in the shape of your esophagus and muscles as you swallow.

  • Swallowing study 

    In a dynamic swallowing study, you’ll swallow foods of different shapes and consistencies coated in barium. Images will be taken as your chew and swallow the foods so your doctor can assess muscle activity.

  • Endoscopy 

    Your ENT doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) with a tiny camera to closely inspect the esophagus and better understand your dysphagia.

  • Imaging

    Images obtained from a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows your doctor to accurately diagnose your swallowing disorder.