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Treatments

  • Medications

    Your gastrointestinal (GI) doctor may recommend a variety of over-the-counter or prescription-strength oral (by mouth) medications, including anti-inflammation medications, cortisone or steroids, immune system suppressors, biologic therapies, antibiotics, anti-diarrheal medications, and fluid replacements.

  • Diet and nutritional supplements

    IYour GI doctor may recommend you supplement your diet to help replace nutrients and vitamins that are lost due to Crohn’s disease.

  • Intravenous (IV) feeding

    Your doctor may recommend you receive nutrition via an IV if you are unable to eat normally during a flare-up of Crohn’s disease.

  • Drainage of abscesses or removal of a section of bowel

    Your surgeon may need to drain an abscess or remove a section of your bowel due to a blockage, which results in a shortened bowel.

  • Ostomy

    Your surgeon removes part of your intestine and creates a new method of removing stool from your body.

Tests

  • Blood test

    A blood test can determine if there is anemia resulting from blood loss, or if there is an increased number of white blood cells.

  • Stool culture

    This test checks for the presence of abnormal bacteria in your digestive tract that may cause diarrhea and other problems.

  • EGD or upper endoscopy (esophagogastroduodenoscopy)

    This allows the physician to examine the inside of your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (first section of the small intestine).

  • Capsule endoscopy

    In this procedure, you swallow a vitamin-sized capsule, which contains a tiny wireless camera. As the capsule travels through your digestive tract, a technician uses a special computer to capture detailed images.

  • Colonoscopy

    A colonoscopy allows your doctor to view the entire length of your large intestine, and can often help identify abnormal growths, inflamed tissue, ulcers, and bleeding.

  • Biopsy

    Your doctor will remove a small tissue sample (biopsy) of the lining of your colon to be closely examined in the laboratory.

  • Upper gastrointestinal (GI) or barium swallow

    This examines the organs of the upper part of the digestive system. X-rays are then taken to evaluate the digestive organs.

  • Lower GI series or barium enema

    This examines the rectum, large intestines, and lower part of the small intestine. An X-ray of the abdomen shows strictures (narrowed areas), obstructions (blockages), and other problems.