Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are passed between people through intimate physical contact, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex. You can avoid getting an STD by abstaining from sex or by wearing a condom during any sexual activity.
STDs are common, and there are many different types. Some well known STDs include:
- Genital herpes
- Genital warts (human papillomavirus or HPV)
- Hepatitis B
- HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS
In many instances, STDs don’t have symptoms. When STD symptoms do occur, they can include:
- Bumps, itching, rash, or blisters in the genital area
- Burning or pain while urinating
- Pain during intercourse
Other symptoms that can occur in females include:
- Unusual vaginal discharge (thick or thin, milky white, yellow or green leakage)
- Vaginal itching
Other symptoms that can occur in males include:
- Discharge (clear, white, or yellow) or oozing (thick or thin) from the penis
- Pain during ejaculation
Doctors use a variety of medicines to treat STDs:
- Bacterial STDs (such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis) are treated, and can often be cured, with antibiotics
- Viral STDs (such as genital herpes, HPV, HIV/AIDS, and hepatitis B) can be controlled — but, not cured — with medicines that manage symptoms
Blood or Urine Tests
A blood or urine or swab test can confirm the diagnosis of many STDs.
If there are genital sores or sexual discharges, doctors take samples from the affected areas to determine the type of infection and develop a treatment plan.
Why Choose UHealth?
Excellence in treating children’s hearing conditions. We’ve been recognized by Children’s Medical Services (CMS), a division within the Florida Department of Health, for excellence in newborn hearing screening and early identification of hearing loss in infants.
World-class health care for children. Children and their families come from all over the world to receive top-quality care from our compassionate team of pediatric specialists. Your child will receive personalized attention from doctors who are sought out for their expertise.
HealthySteps program helps children meet milestones. All our general pediatrics offices use the HealthySteps program to ensure that children are developing appropriately for their age — physically, emotionally, and psychologically. When there are issues or concerns, we work closely with patients and their families to connect them with support resources. We’re the only academic health center in South Florida with developmental and behavioral pediatric specialists on staff.
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