Vascular surgeons at the University of Miami Health use balloon angioplasty to treat atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. These conditions cause arteries to become blocked and decrease blood flow to the body, which can lead to stroke and other serious complications.
Though commonly performed to open narrowed blood vessels around the heart and in the aorta (major blood vessel of the heart), balloon angioplasty can be used to open up blocked arteries throughout the body, including in the:
- Femoral (thigh) artery
- Iliac (hip) artery
- Popliteal (behind the knee) artery
- Tibial and peroneal (lower leg) arteries
What to Expect
Before undergoing a balloon angioplasty, your vascular surgeon will likely order one or more imaging tests – such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), computerized tomography angiography (CTA), or carotid angiography – so he or she can obtain a clear image of the blockage. Your surgeon will also provide you with instructions on whether you can eat or drink prior to the procedure, and if you need to make any adjustments to your regular medication schedule
You will be under general anesthesia (fully asleep) for your angioplasty. Once you are asleep, your surgeon begins by making a small incision in the groin area. Using X-ray guidance, the surgeon threads a catheter (thin, narrow tube) with a balloon tip through the blood vessels and to the blocked area of the artery. The surgeon will inject contrast dye through the catheter, which helps him or her obtain a detailed view of the narrowed or blocked artery. The surgeon then inflates the tiny balloon at the end of the catheter to open up the artery. A small metal or mesh tube (stent) may be placed in the artery to keep it open. The catheter and balloon are removed out of the original incision, and the wound is closed.
Most people need to stay overnight one night in the hospital after a balloon angioplasty. You should make arrangements for a responsible adult to drive you home the following day, due to the possible lingering effects of the anesthesia and sedative.
Why Choose UHealth?
Leading-edge imaging care in South Florida. Our doctors are also researchers discovering new ways to improve diagnosis and treatment. That means you can get some of today’s most promising advancements through clinical trials. You benefit from the latest developments that are fast-tracked from the lab to the bedside.
Advanced, hard-to-find procedures. Our doctors are committed to caring for every patient. That’s why they offer the latest treatments, including limb salvage, endovascular grafting and thoracic outlet decompression, to improve your blood flow.
All the care you need, from one physician. Our vascular surgeons perform a wide range of procedures so you can have the same physician for any vascular care you need as your condition changes. Whether you need a stent replaced or a vein grafted, you can always turn to the doctor you trust.
Experienced doctors, reliable results. UHealth vascular surgeons perform hundreds of stent placements, angiograms and more every year. You can rely on their experience to help you avoid complications and have a positive outcome.