Spine conditions involve the bones (vertebrae) and spongy discs between the vertebrae, joints, muscles, and ligaments. Pain from spine conditions can be acute (sudden, intense pain that lasts a few days or weeks) or chronic (lasts more than a few months).
Symptoms of a spine condition may include numbness, tingling, and pain in the neck, low back, arms, and legs. With complex spine disorders, you may also have problems with walking, breathing, bowel and bladder control, and sexual function.
Spine conditions can affect the lumbar (low back), thoracic (upper back), or cervical (neck) spine and include:
- Curvature deformities: such as scoliosis (abnormal curve to the side), lordosis (excessive inward curve), or kyphosis (forward rounding of the back)
- Degenerative disc disease: discs between the vertebrae break down due to stress, aging, or normal wear and tear
- Fractures: vertebrae compression fractures or joint dislocation
- Herniated disc: discs between the vertebrae rupture, protrude, or bulge out
- Infections: occur in the spine or fluid surrounding the spinal cord
- Myelopathy: spinal cord damage caused by stenosis (narrowing) or degeneration (breakdown)
- Radiculopathy: pinched or compressed nerve
- Spinal cord injuries: damage to the spinal cord or nerves
- Spinal stenosis: narrowing of the spinal canal
- Spondylosis: breakdown of cartilage and vertebrae, as in osteoarthritis
- Tumors: cancerous or non-cancerous growths
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