Low sperm count – known as oligospermia – occurs when a man’s semen (fluid ejaculated from the penis) contains fewer sperm than is typical. A man is considered to have low sperm count if he has fewer than 15 million sperm per millimeter of semen. Having a low sperm count does not necessarily mean that a man will not be able to impregnate a woman, but it may make it more difficult.
Factors that may contribute to a low sperm count are:
- Abuse of alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs
- Severe mumps infection after puberty
- Hernia repair surgery
- Hormone disorder
- Exposure to poisons or radiation
- Blockage caused by a prior infection
- Regularly wearing very tight underwear
- Prior injury to the groin area
- Decreased facial or body hair (a sign of a chromosome or hormone problem)
- Difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Inability to impregnate a woman (infertility)
- Low sex drive
- Pain, swelling, or a lump in the testicle area
A man’s sperm may be considered to be in “poor health” or abnormal for two main reasons: an unusually short life span and/or low motility (difficulty “swimming”).
Poor sperm health may be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Abnormally developed testicles
- Inflammation of the testicles
- Swollen veins in the scrotum (pouch of skin that holds the testicles)
The main symptom of poor sperm health is infertility. Most men don’t realize they have poor sperm health until they are trying to impregnate a woman.
Why Choose UHealth?
A comprehensive approach to fertility. Our closely-knit team of experienced professionals – including female and male fertility specialists, acupuncturists, and physicians with special expertise in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), thyroid disorders, endometriosis, and hormonal imbalances – work together to ensure the health of you and your baby.
High pregnancy rates. We have some of the highest pregnancy rates in not only South Florida, but in the entire United States. Our success stories include even the most challenging cases.
Academic medical center expertise. Faculty members at the Miller School of Medicine, a nationally recognized institution, currently conduct nearly 2,000 research projects in science and clinical care in a variety of fields. Our emphasis on research and innovation ensures you receive the most sophisticated diagnostic tests and advanced fertility treatments available.