Your brain controls all functions of your body, including movements, thoughts, and automatic functions like breathing and blood pressure.
The brain sends and receives messages to and from the rest of your body through the spinal cord — a bundle of nerves that runs through your spine in your back and up to your brain. An injury to the brain or spinal cord can seriously affect the way your body and mind work.
At the University of Miami Health System, expert neurosurgeons provide advanced treatment for these serious injuries, restoring as much function as possible and improving your quality of life. We, along with The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, offer groundbreaking clinical trials and studies.
What Are Spinal Cord and Head Injuries?
Injuries to the brain, called traumatic brain injuries, occur when your brain moves around and hits your skull due to impact. It can be a more mild injury, such as a concussion, or severe injury that causes your brain to bleed. These injuries, if not treated quickly, can be life-threatening. They can also cause changes in personality, trouble thinking, memory loss, or paralysis.
Spinal cord injuries can also be minor, such as a bruise on the nerves that causes temporary problems, or severe, such as a complete separation (transection) of the nerves. Depending on where the spinal cord is transected, you may experience different symptoms, such as paralysis, numbness, or problems with functions like digestion or breathing.
Both spinal cord and brain injuries can be caused by traumatic accidents, including:
- Car accidents
- Gunshot wounds
- Sports injuries