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Treatments

  • Therapy

    For most people with neurological disorders, the primary treatment is to manage your symptoms. Your doctor may include physical, occupational, speech, respiratory, and nutrition therapies as part of your treatment.

  • Medications

    Your doctor may prescribe medicines to help relieve any muscle cramping related to your condition.

  • Heat or Whirlpool Therapy

    Your doctor may recommend heat or whirlpool therapy to help relieve muscle cramps.

  • Exercise

    Exercise, although recommended in moderation, may help maintain your muscle strength and function.

  • Surgery

    If other treatments have been unsuccessful, your specialist may recommend surgery to treat your neurological disorder. Surgery may be to help correct the condition, or at least provide some relief from the pain and other symptoms you’re experiencing.

Tests

  • Laboratory Tests

    Your doctor uses lab tests to confirm if you have a neurological condition, including blood and urine studies, and thyroid function tests.

  • Muscle or Nerve Biopsy

    In this procedure, your doctor takes a sample of tissues (either using a minimally invasive procedure or a needle) that will be examined under a microscope.

  • Spinal Tap (Lumbar Puncture)

    In this test, your doctor inserts a needle into your spinal canal (the area around your spinal cord) to get a sample of your cerebral spinal fluid, which surrounds your brain and spine. The fluid is sent to the lab to test for an infection or other problems. A lumbar puncture also allows your doctor to measure the pressure in your spinal fluid.

  • X-ray

    This test uses electromagnetic energy beams to create pictures of your internal tissues, bones, and organs.

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

    An MRI scan uses a combination of large magnets, radio waves, and a computer to produce detailed images of your organs and other structures inside your body.

  • Electrodiagnostic tests

    These studies allow your doctor to evaluate your muscles and nerves that control them (motor neurons) by measuring electrical activity.
    • Electromyography (EMG) is one such test in which a technician inserts electrodes into your muscle, and a specialized computer records electrical activity and muscle response.
    • Nerve conduction velocity (NCV), another test, involves a technician placing electrodes on the skin overlying a muscle or muscle group, and a specialized computer recording electrical activity and muscle response.
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