The mediastinum is the cavity between your lungs that contains your heart and its blood vessels, part of your windpipe and your thymus gland. Lung cancers typically spread to the lymph nodes in the mediastinum.
The most common types of mediastinal tumors include:
- Tumors of the thymus: Part of the immune system, your thymus gland helps protect your body from infection. The major types of thymus tumors include thymomas (develop on the surface of the thymus gland), thymic carcinoma (an aggressive, recurrent cancer) and thymic carcinoids (neuroendocrine cancers).
- Lymphomas: Cancers of the lymph glands can develop in the mediastinum either as the primary cancer or as part of more widespread disease.
- Neurogenic tumors: These begin in cells that make up the nervous system. In adults, most of these tumors aren't cancerous and can be treated successfully with surgery.
- Germ cell tumors: These form from embryologically immature cells.
- Mesenchymal tumors: These develop from mesenchymal cells, a type of stem cell, in the connective tissue. Sarcoma is a type of cancer that arises from mesenchymal cells.
Why Choose Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center?
Robotic video-assisted surgery program ranked among top 10 in the Southeast. Our excellent surgeons use robotic video-assisted technology to improve patient outcomes, including decreased blood loss in surgery, shorter hospital stays, and higher survival rates on average for appropriate patients.Advanced radiation oncology tools. Sylvester is one of only five medical centers in the country with ViewRay™ — MRI-guided radiation therapy. Our RapidArc® radiotherapy system delivers intensity modulated external radiation therapy (IMRT). These tools lead to more efficient and effective treatments, shorter treatment times, pinpoint accuracy in tumor targeting, and less damage to surrounding healthy tissue.