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  • Modified radical mastectomy

    The most common surgery in men is called a modified radical mastectomy, in which the nipple, areola and all of the breast tissue is removed, and the underlying muscle is left intact. Usually, a breast-sparing lumpectomy isn't possible because men's breasts are so small.

  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy

    Doctors use this minor surgery to determine if cancer has spread beyond a primary tumor into your lymphatic system. A sentinel lymph node is the first place cancer cells may move to when they begin to spread. During the biopsy, your doctor injects a special dye (tracer) to locate the nodes and remove them to look for cancer cells. If they're free of cancer, it means it's unlikely that cancer has spread and it's not necessary to remove more lymph nodes.

    Sylvester offers a novel treatment that prevents taking more lymph nodes, even if the sentinel node is suspicious. Before surgery, an ultrasound scan of the armpit can highlight which lymph nodes are involved (they will appear enlarged or swollen). When chemotherapy is used before surgery (neoadjuvant chemotherapy), it can convert a previously positive lymph node to negative when biopsied, which means more lymph nodes don't need to be removed.

  • Radiation

    Radiation therapy is often used after a mastectomy for men with large cancers (tumors 5 centimeters or larger) or cancer that has spread to the lymphatic system or blood vessels.

  • Hormone therapy

    Hormone therapy is an effective treatment for men with hormone-receptor-positive cancer. If the cancer returns or grows during hormonal therapy, your doctor may include chemotherapy as part of your treatment.

  • Chemotherapy

    Chemotherapy is cancer-fighting medicine that's administered intravenously or by a pill. Chemotherapy also might be recommended before surgery, called neoadjuvant chemotherapy, to help reduce the size of the tumor and improve surgical results. Often, more than one chemotherapy medicines are used at the same time or one after the other to destroy different kinds of cancer cells that come from the same breast cancer.

    Locations: If you need intravenous (infusion) chemotherapy, you can have it at the Comprehensive Treatment Unit (CTU) at Sylvester’s main location in Miami, a 12,000-square-foot unit that includes 33 recliners and 11 private rooms. If you prefer, you may have your infusion treatments at the Kendall, Plantation, Hollywood, Coral Springs, Coral Gables and Deerfield Beach locations.

  • Cold cap therapy to minimize hair loss

    Sylvester offers FDA-cleared cold cap therapy to reduce hair loss during chemotherapy. This therapy works by cooling the scalp during treatment.

  • Targeted therapy

    Targeted therapies are treatments designed to attack the molecular changes that make the cancer cells grow and spread. The FDA has approved several targeted therapies. Herceptin, a common type of targeted therapy, treats HER2-positive breast cancers. In these breast cancers, the cancer cells have a gene mutation that creates too much HER2 protein, which stimulates cancer cell growth. Herceptin targets and blocks the receptors, so the signals to grow and spread can't be delivered. Herceptin also marks the cancer cells so the immune system can destroy them.