It wasn't long ago that tumors in the lower third of the rectum often required removal of the anal sphincter muscle and a colostomy, a drainage site routed to the abdomen where a bag collected solid waste. Today, there are many different treatment options. Your specific options will be matched to your individual case, including any pertinent clinical trials.
The different types of anal cancer are based on the type of anal cells in which the cancer develops. Types of anal and rectal cancers include:
- Squamous cell carcinoma, which starts to form in the anal canal's outer lining, is the most common kind of anal cancer.
- Cloacogenic carcinoma, which develops between the outer part of the anus and the lower part of the rectum, makes up about 25 percent of all cases of anal cancers.
- Adenocarcinoma occurs in the mucus-producing glands situated under the anal lining.
- Basal cell carcinoma is a kind of skin cancer that can appear around the anus on the skin.
- Melanoma starts in the pigment-producing cells that are found in the skin or anal lining.
Why Choose Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center?
Colorectal cancer survival rates up to 19 percent higher than the national average for both early- and late-stage colorectal cancer. Longer life, higher quality of life and greater hope for a life without cancer.
Advanced radiation therapy options like ViewRay (one of just five centers nationwide) and RapidArc, offering intensity modulated external radiation therapy (IMRT). More efficient and effective treatments, shorter treatment times, pinpoint accuracy in targeting tumors, and less damage to surrounding healthy tissue.
More cancer clinical trials than any other South Florida hospital. Ease of access, and the newest ways to treat and potentially cure your cancer.
Sylvester surgeons can now safely remove many cancers not directly involving the sphincter muscle or pelvic floor, while preserving normal bowel function. Only a limited number of patients will still require colostomies; those who do will be supported by experienced and knowledgeable enterostomal therapists to teach them how to manage them.