Testicular cancer occurs inside the testicles, located in the scrotum under the penis. Testicles produce sperm and male sex hormones. While a relatively rare type of cancer, testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer in men 20 to 35 years old. About 8,700 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when it has spread beyond the testicles.
Types of Testicular Cancer
Seminomas in general are more sensitive to radiation, and are classified as: classic, anaplastic or spermatocytic.
- Classic Seminoma accounts for about 85 percent of all seminoma cases and occurs mainly in men ages 30-50.
- Anaplastic Seminoma accounts for about five percent of all cases of seminoma and is more aggressive than the other seminoma types. It occurs at ages close to those seen in classic seminoma.
- Spermatocytic Seminomas, only about two to eight percent of all seminoma cases, appear to be less aggressive, with nearly half of cases occurring in men over 50.
There are four types of nonseminomas: choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac carcinoma, and teratoma. Most contain at least two or more of these different cell types and are considered mixed. Often, these are diagnosed in men 45 to 60 years old, and grow and spread more quickly.
Stromal tumors, which account for under 4% of adult testicular cancers, are categorized by two types: Leydig cell tumors and Sertoli cell tumors. These tumors are usually cured by surgery but are resistant to chemotherapy and radiation.
Secondary Testicular Tumors
Tumors can start in other spots of the body, most commonly from lymphoma, and then spread to the testicles.
Why Choose Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center?
Advanced radiation therapy options like ViewRay (one of just five centers nationwide) and RapidArc, offering intensity modulated external radiation therapy (IMRT). More efficient and effective treatments, shorter treatment times, pinpoint accuracy in the targeting of tumors, and less damage to surrounding healthy tissue.
More cancer clinical trials than any other South Florida hospital. Collaboration: Ease of access. If appropriate for your cancer and stage, our clinical trials provide you with the very newest ways to treat and potentially cure your cancer.
The only designated Cancer Center of Excellence in South Florida. We treat cancer, and only cancer, giving you the best potential outcomes. The likelihood of surviving cancer after five years at a Dedicated Cancer Center is 17 percent higher than at other hospitals.
Multidisciplinary care teams with nationally recognized expertise. Collaboration that saves lives. Your care team is made up of experts in your exact type of cancer, and every single aspect of it.
High-tech imaging expertise using the most advanced technology available. Skill that allows our providers to distinguish between normal and abnormal findingsmisdiagnosed; then to work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan for the right diagnosis.
Access to simultaneous reconstruction techniques. A testicular implants can be inserted during the same surgery as a testicle removal.
Surgeons among the nation’s most experienced in nerve-sparing. Higher quality of life and less post-operative pain.